Piet Mondrian is a painter born March 7, 1872 in Amersfoort, Holland. It is one of the representatives of the movement of Constructivism along with Theo van Doesburg. The artist began to paint following the Impressionist style at the Hague School around 1900. He later switched to abstract painting and from 1908 was influenced by Vincent van Gogh to Fauvism, and from 1911 by Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso and Cubism.
Mondrian created in the 1920s the well-known strictly geometric paintings, which are attributed to the art style of Neoplasticism. These characteristic structures-black grids connected to rectangular surfaces filled with primary colors-have influenced the world of fashion, architecture, art, and advertising to this day. Mondrian co-founded the De Stijl artists' association and wrote Le Néo-Plasticisme, which appeared in German translation as Bauhaus Book No. 5 in 1925. In 1940, in exile in New York, he created new works that he mosaicated and felted with primary colors. He died on February 1, 1944.