The term "Rococo" comes from a particular shell-looking ornament which can be considered as the guiding principle of this style.
This new period, often referred as "late Baroque" which can lead to confusion, followed the Baroque period and appeared between 1720 and 1770 - 1780. This movement prevailed particularly in France, Germany and Italy.
Rococo transformed the heavy, sumptuous, dramatic forms of Baroque into light, finesse and grace. The reccurent themes in paintings were religious, such as festive or pastoral scenes. The prevailing painting technique of Rococo consisted on using light colors and pastels.