Biography of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775 - 1851)
Turner was born the 23rd of April in 1775 in London. In 1789, he attended the Royal Academy. Additionally, he completed an education with the artist Thomas Malton. For the first time, Turner joint an exhibition of the Royal Academy in 1790 with his water colour paintings. Six years later, he presented his first artwork in oil.
After several years of travelling to Scotland, Switzerland and France, he established his own gallery in 1804. In 1807, he obtained a professorship at the Royal Academy and administrated the “Liber Studiorum”. In this register, he classified paintings according to his own criteria. In 1819/20, he travelled to Italy and visited Rome. At this point, he changed his style, for what he received harsh criticism. The Royal Academy stopped exhibiting several of his late artworks.
Turner travelled constantly to the South of Europe, in particular to Venice. He was fascinated and inspirited by romantic colours. Tuner died the 19th of December 1851 in London. Turner was one of the most distinguished artists for romantic landscape.